HomeFactsHow Are 4g And 5g Different?

How Are 4g And 5g Different?


5G, or a fifth-generation network, is here now. With the promised superfast internet speed and the end to the congestion, this tech has been expected to revolutionize the mobile network and create the newer economic opportunities, but then again, the biggest question here is, how well will it work in comparison to the 4G network?

5G network is the change of step in the mobile networking, which promises the exponential fast speed download, real-time data sharing, and high capacity within the network. The best is that now there are game-changing apps and 5G vendors that are promising to materialize on a meaningful scale,

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but the opinion remains divided upon the network’s disruptive potential in comparison to the 4G. By all means, the 5G application is a game changer, and the others, they remain to be steadfastly skeptical regarding the revelatory benefits associated.

What are 4G, LTE, and 5G?

4G or fourth-generation wireless and mobile network tech, which is the predecessor of 5G. It was in the year 2010 when 4G reigned as the latest and one of the most innovative cellular tech generations. It reached ubiquity just in the decade. Now, it made some promises like, enhanced cell density, greater bandwidth, and the VoIP capabilities, and it was able to fulfill the same.

When it comes to LTE or the Long-Term Evolution, it can be developed as the 4G standard when 4G reigned. It is a wireless broadband global standard that sets the foundation for the 5G networks. Both the LTE and 4G, they support varied traffics, which the previous generations were struggling to fulfill, and 5G is expected to be a much more improved version of it all.

Lastly, coming to the fifth generation, or 5g wireless, it is the cellular network technology’s latest generation. The early and small deployment of it began in late 2010, but it wasn’t able to reach ubiquity until later in the next decade. Some touted benefits of this tech include, a faster network and the communication capability on a real-time basis.

How is 4G & 5G Different?

There are varied ways in which the two generations of the networks can be compared. A discussion of the same has been made below.

  • Density of Cell

The small cell tech ensures 5G to offer much more cell density as well as enhances the network capacity. Now, these were just the promises of the 4G, and as the predecessor, it failed, but it is hoped that 5G will surely succeed within the same. With the 5G network being denser, it means there exists much more capacity for supporting the users and the connected devices, which leads to the increased connection capacity and mobile device capacity.

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Even after the advancements of the 5G, the promises wouldn’t just be seen on day one. It will take time to just work on the flaws and all the discrepancies which get created by 5G. So, the organizations, they must not immediately start expecting the best.

  • Base Stations

The base station for transmitting the signals is again another difference between the two networks. Just like the predecessor, 4G is known to transmit the signals for the cell towers but the 5G network, it uses the smaller cell tech because of the faster speed and the mmWave frequency bands. This is why the carriers deploy the high-band 5G in the smaller cells, which is almost the size of a pizza box in varied locations. However, the 5G network still continues to use the cell towers for the lower frequency spectrums.

The carriers are required to deploy the smaller cells within varied areas because of the mmWave frequency. Now, while the frequency remains higher than the cellular tech which has been so far, the mmWave continues to have the weaker signals that can travel in shorter distances. The small cell stations, they must be placed very frequently within areas that are 5G-capable to ensure the signals to reach the businesses and the users.

  • Latency

On one hand, where 5G promises lower latency (under 5 milliseconds), 4G latency ranges between 50 milliseconds to 98 milliseconds. Further, the lower latency, it comes with the advancements within the areas, like the faster speed of the downloads.

  • Download Speeds

4G made an introduction of varied VoIP capabilities, the 5G builds upon and also enhances the quick potential of the download speed.

The speed through 4G download hits around 1 Gbps, and the goal of the 5G is for increasing the same tenfold, so as to offer max speed (10 Gbps) with the download.

  • OFDM Encoding 

OFDM, it is used for splitting varied wireless signals in the separate channels for avoiding the interference that offers also the greater bandwidth. As OFDM encodes the data on varied frequencies, it bolsters 4G as well as the download speed of 5G, as such networks will have their personal signal channels instead of the ones that are shared in between all of them.

4G is known to use the 20 MHz channels, and 5G uses the 100 MHz-800 MHz channels.

What does 5G do that 4G Can’t?

Considering the differences, 5G definitely is creating a new road to future for the mobile devices and the communication. However, what it means for the customers is a big question. Well, if talking in the layman’s language, this will offer the users sending text messages, making phone calls, streaming the videos, and browsing the internet facilities at a much better speed, which means,

  • Websites would load fast, and there is lesser lag.
  • The internet remains instant.
  • More devices will remain connected at the same time without any issues related to the bandwidth.
  • Connect smartphones, video game consoles, extended reality hardware, tablet, laptop, etc., all with the same router without the worry of them stopping to work.
  • Quicker information.
  • Airwaves for internet-enabled tech, including mobile wearables, car-to-car communication, wireless sensors, etc.

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Final Words

With all that it offers, why wouldn’t 5G roll out faster and also, with the expansion capabilities the fifth generation holds, it has a lot to offer for the upcoming future. Further, with more advancements, new features, faster speed, and better connectivity will keep coming.

How fast we adapt the same and make it part of our lives for the betterment of us, it is totally on all, but with the way the multinational companies have been adapting it all, they are receiving the best out of it. So, if you are planning to shift to the 5G network, go ahead and make the best decision of your life. It will truly change a lot and remove the unwanted lags.



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